The Climate and Societal Interactions (CSI) Division of NOAA’s Climate Program Office (CPO) supports international adaptation and capacity building activities through a partnership with the U.S. Department of State, working closely with entities across NOAA, the U.S. Government, and the external community to foster adaptation and enhance resilience in key countries around the world. Several new CPO projects, including those focused on island resilience and coastal blue carbon, were highlighted during events hosted by the U.S. Center during the 2021 UN Climate Change Conference (COP26).
Island nations are among the most vulnerable to climate change, but they are also at the forefront of efforts to adapt and develop pathways to climate resilience and sustainable development. To highlight new U.S. investments in island-led networks and capacity building, including the Local2030 Islands Network, CSI worked with the U.S. Department of State to organize a COP26 event on Partnerships for Island Resilience: Sharing Solutions in the Great Ocean States. The 44th President of the United States Barack Obama provided opening remarks, and the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Dr. Richard Spinrad moderated a high-level panel composed of President Obama, Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama of Fiji, Minister Simon Stiell of Grenada, and Director Kathy Jetn̄il-Kijiner of Jo-Jikum, a nonprofit dedicated to youth and environmentalism and Climate Envoy for the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Island leaders discussed climate concerns and solutions during the event. View the recorded session »
Through partnerships with the Local2030 Islands Network, the Pacific Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessment (RISA) Program and the U.S. Caribbean Resilience Partnership, CSI collaborates with islands to conduct scientific and technical activities in response to island-identified needs, and to foster island leadership in combating the climate crisis and promoting resilience in ways that reflect their unique cultures. This work, as well as the RISA Program’s investment in interdisciplinary climate adaptation research and equity-focused community engagement, was also highlighted as NOAA contributions to the President’s Emergency Plan for Adaptation and Resilience (PREPARE) during the session Adapting to Thrive: US Action on Global Adaptation. This event featured Administrator Spinrad, Administrator Samantha Power of USAID, and Assistant Secretary for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Monica Medina of the U.S. Department of State. View the session (action begins ~7 minutes in) »
MISSION: The Climate and Fisheries Adaptation Program (CAFA) is a partnership between the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (NOAA Research) Climate Program Office, and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) Office of Science and Technology that supports targeted research to promote adaptation and resilience of the nation's valuable fisheries and fisheries-dependent communities in a changing climate. By bringing together NOAA scientists with many partners, CAFA addresses priority needs for information and tools identified in the NOAA Fisheries Climate Science Strategy, Regional Action Plans, and other sources.
ISSUE: Healthy fisheries are a significant component of the U.S. economy. Commercial and recreational marine fisheries generate over $200 billion in economic activity and support more than 1.8 million jobs annually (FEUS 2016). Fisheries also support working waterfronts and coastal communities, provide opportunities for commerce, are tied to rich cultures, and help meet the growing demand for seafood across the U.S. and the world.
Climate change is impacting fish stocks, fisheries, and fishing communities, and these impacts are expected to increase. Changing climate and ocean conditions (e.g. warming oceans, changing currents, coastal inundation, extreme events, etc.) can affect the abundance, distribution, and productivity of fish stocks that support economically important fisheries. Sustainable fisheries management requires an improved understanding of how climate, fishing, and other stressors interact to affect fish stocks (including their habitats and prey), fisheries and fishing-dependent communities.
PROGRAM HISTORY: The CAFA Program was established by the NOAA Research Climate Program Office and the NOAA Fisheries Office of Science and Technology in 2014 to advance understanding of climate‐related impacts on fish stocks, fisheries and fishing communities. The partnership originated through the former Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications (COCA) Program and in 2021 was renamed the Climate and Fisheries Adaptation (CAFA) Program as part of the Climate Program Office Adaptation Sciences Program.
SPONSORS: Funding for the CAFA Program comes from the OAR Climate Program Office and the NMFS Office of Science and Technology, the Office of Sustainable Fisheries, and the Northeast Fisheries Science Center.
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Americans’ health, security and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. Every day, we see communities grappling with environmental challenges due to unusual or extreme events related to climate and weather.
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