Observing and Understanding Processes Affecting the Propagation of Intraseasonal Oscillations in the Maritime Continent Region

NOAA’s Climate Variability and Predictability (CVP) program is announcing 14 new three-year projects in FY17 that aim to improve understanding of processes that affect the propagation of intraseasonal oscillations—specifically the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO)—in the Maritime Continent and broader regions. The competitively selected programs total $7.4 million, including $4.8 in grants and $2.6 in other awards.

The surface and upper-atmosphere structure of the MJO for a period when the enhanced convective phase (thunderstorm cloud) is centered across the Indian Ocean and the suppressed convective phase is centered over the west-central Pacific Ocean. Horizontal arrows pointing left represent wind departures from average that are easterly, and arrows pointing right represent wind departures from average that are westerly. The entire system shifts eastward over time, eventually circling the globe and returning to its point of origin. Climate.gov drawing by Fiona Martin.

CVP supports research that enhances our process-level understanding of the climate system through observation, modeling, analysis, and field studies. Since 2011, CVP has sponsored research projects focused on improving scientific understanding of the MJO, a 30- to 90-day natural climate variability pattern that starts in the Indian Ocean and propagates around the world. Improvements in our understanding of the MJO—how it is initiated and how it travels around the globe—will increase our prediction skill within the 2-week to 3-month time window where there is currently a skill gap.

Better understanding of the MJO would also increase the accuracy and lead time for predicting extreme weather over the United States, thus improving people’s ability to prepare for dangerous conditions, such as very heavy precipitation caused by “atmospheric rivers.” On average, about 30-50% of the west coast’s annual precipitation occurs in just a few atmospheric river events, which sustain the region’s water supply but can also produce damaging flood disasters.

In collaboration with the Office of Naval Research, CVP is expected to support activities of the Propagation of Intra-seasonal Tropical Oscillations (PISTON) Departmental Research Initiative with the projects funded in FY17. The CVP component of the PISTON also contributes to the Years of Maritime Continent (YMC), an international project that creates a collaborative framework for multi-disciplinary field observations and modeling to better understand the role of the Maritime Continent on the global weather-climate continuum. YMC is co-led by the Indonesian Meteorology Service (BMKG) and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC).

The selected projects investigate different processes that affect the speed, intensity, disruption, and/or geographic placement of the MJO propagation by using a combination of in-situ/ ship-based/remote observations, data analysis, modeling, and/or theoretical understanding of local and remote processes.

The new competitively selected projects funded by the CVP program in FY17 are:

  • “Role of Air-Sea-Land Interaction in the MJO Prediction Barrier over the Maritime Continent: A Cloud-Resolving Coupled Modeling Study” — Lead PI: Shuyi Chen (University of Washington), Co-PI: Chris Fairall (NOAA/ESRL)
  • “Ship-based Observations of Atmospheric Boundary and Ocean Interactions near the Philippines during PISTON” — Lead PI: Chris Fairall (NOAA/ESRL/PSD), Co-PI: Alan Brewer (NOAA/ESRL/CSD)
  • “Modulation of MJO-Diurnal Cycle Interaction over the Maritime Continent”  — Lead PI: Samson Hagos (PNNL, Battelle Memorial Institute), Co-PI: Robert Joyce (NOAA/NCEP); Chidong Zhang (NOAA/PMEL); Collaborator: Agie Wandala Putra (BMKG)
  • “Influences of the Maritime Continent on the Eastward Propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation" — Lead PI: Xianan Jiang (UCLA), Co-PI: Ming Zhao (GFDL/NOAA), Duane Waliser (UCLA/JPL), Baoqiang Xiang (GFDL/NOAA); Collaborator: Shian-Jiann Lin (GFDL/NOAA)
  • “Spatial structure of diurnal variability from profiling float arrays” — Lead PI: T. M. Shaun Johnston (Scripps), Co-PI: Daniel L Rudnick (Scripps)
  • “Propagation and predictability of the tropical intraseasonal oscillation in the Maritime Continent region” — Lead PI: Kazuyoshi Kikuchi (University of Hawaii), Co-PI: George N. Kiladis (NOAA/ESRL/PSD), Kunio Yoneyama and Tomoe Nasuno (JAMSTEC), Tomoki Miyakawa (U. Tokyo)
  • “Maritime Continent as a barrier to the MJO propagation: an analysis of the sensitivity of convection to column moisture” — Lead PI: Zhiming Kuang (Harvard University), Collaborator: David Adams (Universidad Autonoma de Mexico)
  • “Producing and diagnosing a regional analysis with data assimilation at a cloud-permitting scale to support YMC and PISTON” — Lead PI: Zhaoxia Pu (University of Utah), Co-PI: Agie Wandala Putra (BMKG), Collaborator: Chidong Zhang (NOAA/PMEL)
  • “Controls on upper ocean processes that impact intraseasonal variability in the Maritime Continent Region” — ead PI: Kelvin Richards (University of Hawaii)
  • “Identifying the Relative Roles of Precursors Associated with Observed versus Modeled MJO Propagation across the Maritime Continent” — Lead PI: Naoko Sakaeda (NOAA/ESRL/PSD), Co-PI: Juliana Dias (Uni Colorado/CIRES) and George Kiladis (NOAA/ESRL/PSD)
  • “Convective multi-scale interactions over the Maritime Continent during the propagation of the MJO” — Lead PI: Courtney Schumacher (Texas A&M University), BMKG radar team: Mr. Riris Adriyanto (Head of Division for Remote Sensing Imagery Management), Mr. Taufiq Hidayah (Chief of Radar Data Management Sub Division), Mr. Iddam Haeruly Umam (radar meteorologist), Mr. Wahyu Argo (radar meteorologist), Mr. Abdullah Ali (radar meteorologist)
  • “Upper ocean processes in the Maritime Continent and their impact on the air-sea interaction and MJO predictability” — Lead PI: Toshiaki Shinoda (Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi), Co-PI: Hyodae Seo (WHOI), Wanqiu Wang (NOAA/NCEP/CPC)
  • “The Role of Ocean Stratification in the Propagation of Intraseasonal Oscillations” — Lead PI: Janet Sprintall (Scripps)
  • “High-Resolution Precipitation Product and Analysis for YMC” — Lead PI: Chidong Zhang (NOAA/PMEL), Co-PI: Pingping Xie (NOAA/NCEP/CPC), Robert Joyce (NOAA/NCEP/CPC), and Brandon Kerns (U Miami); Iddam Hairuly Umam (BMKG); Reza Bayu Perdana (BMKG)

2018 Federal Funding Opportunities at a Glance

Important Dates/Deadlines

Letters of Intent

Letters of intent (LOIs) for all competitions (with the exception of the three MAPP Program competitions) should be received by email by 5:00 p.m. ET on June 14, 2017.

Letters of Intent for the three MAPP Program competitions should be received electronically by 5:00 p.m. ET on June 28, 2017.
A response to the LOI from the Competition Manager (e-mail or letter) will be sent to the investigator within four weeks after the LOI’s due date encouraging or discouraging a full application based on its relevance to the targeted Competition.

Full Applications

Full applications for all competitions (with the exception of the three MAPP Program competitions) must be received by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time, August 14, 2017.

Full applications for the three MAPP Program competitions must be received by 5:00 p.m. ET on September 25, 2017

Applications received after these dates and times will not be considered for funding.

Applications must be submitted via www.grants.gov. For applications submitted through grants.gov, the basis for determining timeliness is the receipt notice issued by www.grants.gov, which includes the date and time received.

For applicants without internet access, please contact the CPO Grants Manager Diane Brown by mail at NOAA Climate Program Office (R/CP1), SSMC3, Room 12734, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 to obtain an application package. Please allow two weeks after receipt for a response. Hard copy submissions will be date and time stamped when they are received in the Climate Program Office.

Emailed or faxed copies of applications will not be accepted.

Competitions/Information Sheets

EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE AND MODELING DIVISION (ESSM)

Competition 1 - AC4: The Role of Reactive Nitrogen in Biogenic VOC Oxidation and Aerosol Formation
Contact: Monika Kopacz
Aerosols and aerosol formation have a significant influence on both climate and air quality. There are, however, a number of uncertainties in fully understanding and representing reactive nitrogen processes in the atmosphere as they relate to aerosol formation. In FY18, as part of its continuing interest in the nitrogen cycle, the AC4 program announcement focuses on laboratory, modeling, and analysis studies (of existing field data) that investigate the mechanisms of BVOC oxidation involving reactive nitrogen species.

 

Competition 2 - MAPP: Advancing Earth System Data Assimilation
Contact: Heather Archambault
The MAPP Program solicits exploratory projects on coupled data assimilation in support of NOAA’s plans for unified modeling and prediction across scales. Additional foci include improving data assimilation or data assimilation-based monitoring products for individual components of the Earth system (i.e., the cryosphere, ocean, including biogeochemistry, land surface, and atmospheric chemistry).

Competition 3 – MAPP: Addressing Key Issues in CMIP6-era Earth System Models
Contact: Daniel Barrie
The MAPP program is soliciting projects that address key issues in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project - Phase 6 (CMIP6) Earth System Models -- in particular, systematic biases in these models. Projects will utilize CMIP-6 model data to examine and improve the representation of processes associated to the cryosphere, weather and climate extremes, and sea level and coastal dynamics.

Competition 4 – MAPP: Climate Test Bed - Advancing NOAA's Operational Subseasonal to Seasonal Prediction Capability
Contact: Heather Archambault
The objective of this competition is to involve the external community in advancing the NOAA/NCEP/NWS Climate Prediction Center’s operational subseasonal to seasonal prediction capabilities as part of the NOAA Climate Test Bed. Priorities include optimizing the North American Multi-Model Ensemble system to meet operational requirements, and testing experimental subseasonal-to-seasonal prediction methodologies (e.g. new calibration or post-processing techniques) developed in the broader community for operational purposes.

OCEAN OBSERVING AND MONITORING (OOM)

Competition 5 - High-quality data sets for enhancing predictions and informing stakeholders
Contact: David Legler
The OOM Monitoring Program is soliciting projects that will develop long term, climate quality data sets and products that will address key climate processes and uncertainties, particularly those that can reduce uncertainty in key processes in climate models, and those that inform our understanding, monitoring and projections of the frequency and occurrence of weather and climate extremes.

CLIMATE AND SOCIETAL INTERACTIONS (CSI)

Competition 6 – Extreme Events Preparedness, Planning and Adaptation Within the Water Sector
Contact: Nancy Beller-Simms
SARP will award grants focused on developing strategies for increasing community resilience in U.S. towns, municipalities or small cities planning for the impacts of extreme precipitation events (too much or too little water) on their civilian population. Proposals should focus on the impact of extreme events on water resources and water-resource dependent activities (e.g., land use, watershed and water utility planning, emergency preparedness), specifically the connection between communication of risk and the design and implementation of risk mitigation and reduction strategies.

Competition 7 – Coping with Drought in Support of the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)
Contact: Nancy Beller-Simms
The SARP portion of the Coping with Drought Initiative will focus on advancing NIDIS regional drought early warning systems through a better understanding of how to better provide early warning through enhanced language, metrics and joint decision spaces (e.g., calendars, etc.).

Where to Submit

Application packages:
Visit Grants.gov and
click on Apply for Grants. You may also directly view the Grants.gov listing here.

Federal Funding Opportunity Number:
NOAA-OAR-CPO-2018-2005133

Applicants without Internet access:
Please send mail to:
Diane Brown
CPO Grants Manager
NOAA Climate Program Office (R/CP1), SSMC3, Room 12734
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910

Please allow two weeks after receipt for a response.

For Federal Investigators

Federal lead investigators who wish to apply to this Announcement of Opportunity must prepare a proposal according to the FFO guidelines and submit the proposal to the program manager directly, instead of to Grants.gov. Federal co-investigators must submit a proposal identical to the proposal lead's but with personalized budget information. Letters of intent (LOIs) for all competitions (with the exception of the three MAPP Program competitions) should be received by email by 5:00 p.m. ET on June 14, 2017.

Letters of Intent for the three MAPP Program competitions should be received electronically by 5:00 p.m. ET on June 28, 2017.

Full applications for all competitions (with the exception of the three MAPP Program competitions) must be received by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time, August 14, 2017.

Full applications for the three MAPP Program competitions must be received by 5:00 p.m. ET on September 25, 2017

Questions/Who to Contact:

General Questions:
Diane Brown, CPO Grants Manager
Email: diane.brown@noaa.gov


Earth System Science and Modeling Division (ESSM)

Competition 1 - AC4: The Role of Reactive Nitrogen in Biogenic VOC Oxidation and Aerosol Formation
Contact: Monika Kopacz
Email: monika.kopacz@noaa.gov

Competition 2 - MAPP: Advancing Earth System Data Assimilation
Contact: Heather Archambault
Email: heather.archambault@noaa.gov

Competition 3 - MAPP: Addressing Key Issues in CMIP6-era Earth System Models
Contact: Daniel Barrie
Email: daniel.barrie@noaa.gov

Competition 4 - MAPP: Climate Test Bed - Advancing NOAA's Operational Subseasonal to Seasonal Prediction Capability
Contact: Heather Archambault
Email: heather.archambault@noaa.gov


Ocean Observing and Monitoring (OOM)

Competition 5 - High-quality data sets for enhancing predictions and informing stakeholders
Contact: David Legler
Email: david.legler@noaa.gov


Climate and Societal Interactions (CSI)

Competition 6 - Extreme Events Preparedness, Planning and Adaptation Within the Water Sector
Contact: Nancy Beller-Simms
Email: Nancy Beller-Simms@noaa.gov

Competition 7 - Coping with Drought in Support of the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)
Contact: Nancy Beller-Simms
Email: Nancy Beller-Simms@noaa.gov

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